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Knowledge Exchange and Technical Advising for Infrastructure Risk Management

This program addressed the resilience challenges of water supply systems located in steep terrain, specifically in two India hill cities: Aizawl in Mizoram, and Shimla in Himachal Pradesh.


Aizawl and Shimla on the Asia map showing elevation. The color red indicates the highest elevation, followed by orange, green, blue and purple being the least elevated areas.

Both cities can face potential large earthquakes that will trigger many disruptive landslides, and any monsoon season may result in several landslides.

Water systems are commonly damaged by these hazard events. Pipes crossing slopes for long distances are exposed and vulnerable, and buildings and equipment may not be designed to resist damage. But if the systems can provide at least emergency quantities right after a disaster, people who depend on them can begin to recover and reconstruct their city.


Shimla, the northern state and Aizawl, the northeastern state of India, face significant hazard from earthquakes and landslides, due to their tectonic setting and geologic conditions

A second focus of this program was to research and develop advisory papers that present options for forming new institutes in India -- a research centre for earthquake risk mitigation, and a national seismic safety commission. Such institutes could support India’s Comprehensive National Earthquake Risk Mitigation Program.

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