Books & Publications

Books & Publications

Publications

Guidance on Developing Messages for Protective Actions to Take During Earthquake Shaking

What people should do during earthquake shaking, to protect themselves from injury or death? It depends. This evidence-based guidance describes the process to use and the key considerations for creating effective messages for different contexts.  

Protective Actions Implementation Workbook

Tools in this workbook can be used to implement a messaging program about what to do during earthquake shaking, as described in the guidance above. Worksheets and a survey tool support an approach that teaches safest choices given the local risk, building types, and other factors.

Protective Actions Implementation Workbook (editable forms only)

These forms are editable in Microsoft Word and accompany the Protective Actions Implementation Workbook.

Background Papers and Supplementary Technical Information: Guidance on Developing Messages for Protective Actions to Take During Earthquake Shaking

  • Epidemiology of Deaths and Earthquake Injuries

  • Protective Action in Immediate Fuse Events:a Literature Review

  • Designing Risk Communication Programs to Promote Adaptive Human Behavior During Earthquakes and Tsunamis

  • On the Nature of Strong Ground Motions during Damaging Earthquakes

  • Understanding and Mitigating Building Collapses​

  • Public perceptions of protective action, survey in three countries

  • Summary of discussions with an international group of disaster messaging professionals

Made in Bhutan: The Earthquake Desk

Industrial designer Ido Bruno's journal as he trained a team of manufacturers in Bhutan to produce Earthquake Desks. "Collaboration at its best." Unlike standard school desks, Earthquake Desks can protect schoolchildren when heavy debris falls during an earthquake.

Non-structural Risk Reduction Handbook for Schools

This guide explains how to prepare schools in advance of an earthquake, so that students are better protected. During severe earthquake shaking, heavy items and building elements can dislodge and fall, causing injury or death, and trapping people inside.  

A Safer Tomorrow? Effects of a Magnitude 7 Earthquake on Aizawl, Mizoram and Recommendations to Reduce Losses

This scenario presents forseeable damage from a realistic-but-hypothetical moderate earthquake in Aizawl, capital of Mizoram state, India. It describes specific actions, taken now, that can reduce harm to people, damage to buildings and infrastructure, and triggered landslides. 

Reducing Earthquake Risk in Hospitals

Reducing Earthquake Risk in Hospitals from Equipment, Contents, Architectural Elements and Building Utility Systems. This manual shows how to reduce damage that can cause deaths, injuries, and loss of building function, even if the building structure was sound.

Conceptual Seismic Design Guidance for New Framed Infill Buildings

This manual for engineers explains how the building type known as concrete-frames-with-masonry-infill-walls can be designed and built for greater seismic safety. Common in low- and middle-income countries, these buildings are likely to collapse during shaking. Five affordable strategies are presented.

Tsunami Preparedness Guidebook

This guidebook helps non-experts learn about tsunamis so that they can educate their communities and prepare for tsunamis. It compiles the best available earth science, social science, and emergency preparedness information for use around the world.

Risk Assessment Tools for Diagnosis of Urban Areas against Seismic Disasters (RADIUS)

This document includes practical tools for seismic risk management that could be applied to any earthquake-prone city in the world. It details earthquake damage scenarios and action plans in nine case-study cities: Latin America (Antofagasta, Guayaquil, Tijuana); Asia (Bandung, Tashkent, Zigong); and Case Studies in Africa, the Middle East and Eastern Europe (Addis Ababa, lzmir and Skopje).

RADIUS Project of Guayaquil, Ecuador

This case study of Guayaquil, Ecuador evaluates the city's seismic risk based on a probabilistic study, and presents a scenario if a hypothetical but likely earthquake were to occur today. It highlights vulnerabilities that put people in danger and details likely damage to buildings, utilities and infrastructure. The report  includes an Action Plan to reduce these risks. Guayaquil is one of nine case study cities in the RADIUS project (Risk Assessment tools for Diagonosis of Urban Areas against Seismic Disasters).

 

RADIUS Project of Tijuana, Mexico

This case study of Tijuana, Mexico evaluates the city's seismic risk based on a probabilistic study, and presents a scenario if a hypothetical but likely earthquake were to occur today. It highlights vulnerabilities that put people in danger and details likely damage to buildings, utilities and infrastructure. The report  includes an Action Plan to reduce these risks. Tijuana is one of nine case study cities in the RADIUS project (Risk Assessment tools for Diagonosis of Urban Areas against Seismic Disasters).

 

RADIUS Project of Antofagasta, Chile

This case study of Antofagasta, Chile evaluates the city's seismic risk based on a probabilistic study, and presents a scenario if a hypothetical but likely earthquake were to occur today. It highlights vulnerabilities that put people in danger and details likely damage to buildings, utilities and infrastructure. The report  includes an Action Plan to reduce these risks. Antofagasta is one of nine case study cities in the RADIUS project (Risk Assessment tools for Diagonosis of Urban Areas against Seismic Disasters).

 

School Earthquake and Tsunami Safety in APEC Economies

A comprehensive school safety program that outlines how to keep students out of harm’s way who live in earthquake, tsunami, and volcano zones in the APEC countries.

Seismic Vulnerability Assessment, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital, Bhutan

Recommendations to improve earthquake preparedness at Bhutan’s main hospital. Few hospitals in the world face this type of threat: high earthquake hazard combined with geographic isolation. The combination will hinder the hospital’s post-earthquake relief and resupply.

Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Trashigang Hospital, Bhutan

Recommendations to reduce earthquake vulnerability for the sole hospital in eastern Bhutan’s most populous districts. In the event of an earthquake, access to other districts will be blocked by numerous landslides, so the hospital must be prepared to function in isolation.

Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Trashiyangtse Hospital, Bhutan

Recommendations to reduce earthquake vulnerability at the sole hospital in one of Bhutan’s most remote districts. A major earthquake will trigger landslides that will block access to other regions for some time, so the hospital must prepare to provide essential care in isolation.

Bir Hospital Assessment Report

A seismic assessment of Bir Hospital, a tertiary referral and teaching hospital run by the National Academy of Medical Sciences. It offers numerous medical specialties, serves as a center for disaster response, and provides care for Kathmandu’s poor. Bir's disaster preparedness is high priority due to the large number of people it serves.

Kanti Children’s Hospital Assessment Report

A seismic assessment of Kanti Children’s Hospital, which is the only tertiary referral hospital for children in the Kathmandu Valley. It caters to children up to the age of eighteen. Almost half of the patients are reported to be from outside the Kathmandu Valley, with families travelling from far and remote areas to access care for their children. The hospital's disaster preparedness is a high priority.

Paropakar Maternity and Women’s Hospital Assessment Report

A seismic assessment of Paropakar Maternity and Women’s Hospital, popularly known as Prasuti Griha, which is a tertiary central hospital. Kathmandu’s main specialty centre for women’s health, it provides essential care for women and newborn babies. The hospital's disaster preparedness is a high priority.

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Online Publications

A Culture at Risk: An Initial Assessment of Seismic Vulnerabilities in Upper Dharamsala, India

Numerous earthquake vulnerabilities endanger the Tibetan community’s efforts to preserve its cultural heritage in Dharmsala. GHI analyzed the seismic safety and recommended safety improvements to protect the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives (LTWA) campus and other structures of importance in the Upper Dharamsala area..

 

Preventing another Haitian Crisis

Preventing Another Haitian Crisis: Prevention and Mitigation as Aid

This publication is the transcript of a talk given by Dr. Brian E. Tucker to the World Affairs Council in San Francisco, California, on February 2, 2010.

Global Earthquake Safety Initiative (GESI) Pilot Project

The Global Earthquake Safety Initiative (GESI) tested a model to estimate community earthquake safety and the potential lethality of earthquakes; the model was tested on 21 cities around the world. Disproportionately high urban earthquake risk in developing countries persists due to lack of awareness about the risk and about affordable means to manage it. In response, the model alerts threatened cities and helps evaluate which measures will have the most impact on saving lives, with special attention to strengthening schools.

The Quito, Ecuador Earthquake Risk Management Project

Quito has significant earthquake risk and has experienced several strong intensity earthquakes over the last 250 years. The risk has increased with population growth, poorly constructed buildings, and high risk developments. This report describes effects of future earthquakes on Quito and prioritizes recommendations for managing the risk.

Lessons for Central Asia

This document details strategies for urban earthquake risk management for the Central Asian Republics: Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

 

Download the document - Russian version

Kathmandu Valley Earthquake Risk Management Action Plan

In 1997, GeoHazards International convened more than eighty government and non-government institutions to develop an earthquake mitigation Action Plan, which was released and endorsed by the Prime Minister of Nepal on Earthquake Safety Day in January 1999.

Understanding GEM’s Potential Beneficiaries

The Global Earthquake Model (GEM) Foundation is now at a point in its organizational history when it is ready to begin developing tools and resources for individuals who are not earthquake risk assessment experts. The research project described in this report comprised a study of earthquake risk reduction activities, needs, and barriers. It was designed to learn about the needs of these individuals worldwide, in order to provide information that could help to guide GEM’s future tool and resource development.

 

Executive summary

Kathmandu Valley’s Earthquake Scenario

This report describes possible impacts of a potential earthquake to impact Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. The description is intended for use in planning and preparedness exercises and in raising awareness of Kathmandu Valley’s earthquake risk.

School Earthquake Safety and Preparedness – Course Materials

The National Capital Region of India, which consists of Delhi and surrounding smaller cities including the booming commercial center of Gurgaon, is located in India’s second highest zone of seismic hazard. GHI has been partnering with Bechtel India to reduce school earthquake risks and to educate students, faculty, and parents about earthquake preparedness.

 

Teacher Sensitization: Instructor Guide 

Volunteer Training: Instructor Guide

Volunteer Training: Student Guide

 

Investing in Quito’s Future

This document comprises a description of the Quito, Ecuador school earthquake safety project. High risk schools are prioritized and solutions presented to strengthen them.

 

Download the document (in spanish)

Reducing Earthquake Risk in Hospitals - Course for Maintenance and Facilities Personnel: Instructor Guide

The training materials include presentations, interactive exercises, instructor guides and student guides. The instructor guides and student guides can be downloaded below, and the full set of training materials is available upon request.

January 01, 2020

Reducing Earthquake Risk in Hospitals - Course for Nurses: Student Guide

The training materials include presentations, interactive exercises, instructor guides and student guides. The instructor guides and student guides can be downloaded below, and the full set of training materials is available upon request.

Reducing Earthquake Risk in Hospitals – Course for Nurses: Instructor Guide

The same geologic activity that has given rise to the Himalayan mountains creates high levels of earthquake risk throughout northern and northeast India. Hospitals located in these areas are vulnerable to earthquake damage and at risk of losing the ability to function precisely when the community needs them most.

Reducing Earthquake Risk in Hospitals – Course Training Materials

The same geologic activity that has given rise to the Himalayan mountains creates high levels of earthquake risk throughout northern and northeast India. Hospitals located in these areas are vulnerable to earthquake damage and at risk of losing the ability to function precisely when the community needs them most.

Toward Global Earthquake Safety

This brochure highlights the growth of urban earthquake risk and GHI’s approach to the problem: raise awareness, build local institutions, strengthen schools. It includes testimonials from supporters and advisors.

Uses of Earthquake Damage Scenarios

An earthquake damage scenario EDS describes the anticipated effects that a large but likely future earthquake could have on facilities that are critical to an urban area. By tracing the social and economic events likely to ensue, the EDS can raise awareness of earthquake risk among citizens, officials, and the private sector. It can also help administrators to select earthquake-hazard-reduction strategies and set funding priorities. Part I: Uses of EDS. Part II: EDS for Los Angeles and Tokyo. Part III: EDS for Disaster Management. Part IV: EDS for International Insurance Companies. Part V: EDS methods.

Tsunami Preparedness Guidebook Resource Links

This document comprises a chapter-by-chapter companion to GeoHazards International’s Tsunami Preparedness Guidebook.  It lists authoritative resources that provide more information about the topics covered in the Guidebook.

 

Identifying Earthquake-Unsafe Schools and Setting Priorities to Make Them Safe

This document details a case study that took place in Gujarat, India.

Exporting Earthquake Safety Practices

Brian Tucker, President of GeoHazards International (GHI), Palo Alto, California, reports on how GHl’s projects transfer knowledge and experience. An extract by reinsurer Munich Re. 2006.

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Books

Issues in Urban Earthquake Risk

Urban seismic risk is growing worldwide and is, increasingly, a problem of developing countries. In 1950, one in four of the people living in the world’s fifty largest cities was earthquake-threatened, while in the year 2000, about one in two will be.

 

B.E. Tucker, Mustafa Özder Erdik, Christina N. Hwang
Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 9, 2013 – 330 pages
ISBN 9401583382

Keeping Schools Safe in Earthquakes

Earthquake-prone communities need earthquake-resistant schools. In 2002, a primary school in San Giuliano, Italy, collapsed killing 29 children and one teacher. In May 2003, a medium-sized earthquake in the city of Bingöl, Turkey, caused the collapse of three new schools and a dormitory, killing many children as they slept. All too frequently, earthquakes cause the collapse of school buildings and the injury and death of staff and students.

 

OECD Publishing, Paris., July 27, 2004 – 244 pages
ISBN 9789264016699

 

Please write to GHI to inquire about a copy of the Chinese version.

Seismic Hazard and Building Vulnerability in Post-Soviet Central Asian Republics

This book summarizes the currently available seismic and engineering data pertaining to the seismic hazard of the capitals of the Central Asian republics. The conclusion is that the risk to residents of these cities is extremely high. There is a roughly 40% probability that an earthquake will occur near one…

 

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GeoHazards International

687 Bay Road, Menlo Park,

California 94025, USA

(650) 614-9050

info@geohaz.org

We are a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization

 

 

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